3-5 November 2021
Wirtschaftskammer Österreich
Europe/Vienna timezone

Correlative microstructure investigations of additive manufactured parts

3 Nov 2021, 14:30


Oral Presentation AM Process- and Quality Control AM PROCESS and QUALITY CONTROL


Dr Mihaela Albu (ZFE Graz)


Complex metallic structures additively manufactured via laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is an already established technique in this rapidly growing industry branch. However, the development of alloys for field-specific applications and the quality and functionality of the final parts strongly depends on the micro- and nanostructure morphology, crystallography and chemical composition.

Within this paper correlative microscopy studies performed on 3D-printed parts of Fe- and Ti- alloys are presented [1-4]. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and S/TEM) coupled with analytical characterization methods were used for advanced microstructural analysis of the as-built and heat-treated parts. Evolution of the microstructure during the ex-situ heat-treatment was first studied in detail in order to better comprehend the mechanical properties of the printed parts.

Furthermore, in-situ heating measurements at high spatial resolution provided information regarding the evolution of nanometric amorphous/crystalline phases and coarsening/shrinking of grains, diffusion of alloying elements and nucleation and evolution of secondary phases at different temperatures [5].

This work received financial support by the Austrian Science Fund (FFG): SP2018-003-006 (Microstructure of 3D printed metallic parts) and from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 823717 – ESTEEM3.

[1] Turk, C.; Zunko, H.; Aumayr, C.; Leitner, H.; Kapp, M.: Advances in Maraging Steels for Additive Manufacturing, Berg Huettenmaenn Monatsh., 164 (2019), no. 3, pp 112–116, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00501-019-0835-z

[2] Albu, M; Mitsche, S.; Nachtnebel, M.; Krisper, R.; Dienstleder, M.; Schröttner, H; Kothleitner, G.: Microstructure Investigations of Powders and Additive Manufactured Parts, Berg Huettenmaenn Monatsh., 165 (2020), no. 3, pp 169–174, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00501-020-00958-3

[3] Vilardell, A.M.; Yadroitsev, I.; Yadroitsava, I.; Albu, M.; Takata, N.; Kobashi, M.; Krakhmalev, P.; Kouprianoff, D.; Kothleitner, G.; du Plessis, A.: Manufacturing and characterization of in-situ alloyed Ti6Al4V(ELI)-3 at.% Cu by laser powder bed fusion, Add. Manuf. 36 (2020), 101436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2020.101436

[4] Vilardell, A.M.; Takezawa, A.; du Plessis, A.; Takata, N.; Krakhmalev, P.; Albu, M.; Kothleitner, G.; Yadroitsava, I.; Yadroitsev, I.: Mechanical behavior of in-situ alloyed Ti6Al4V(ELI)-3 at.% Cu lattice structures manufactured by laser powder bed fusion and designed for implant applications, J. Mech. Bev. Biomed. Mat. 113 (2021) 104130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104130

[5] Albu, M; Krisper, R.; Lammer, J.; Kothleitner, G.; Fiocchi, J.; Bassani, P.: Microstructure evolution during in-situ heating of AlSi10Mg alloy powders and additive manufactured parts, Add. Manuf. 36 (2020), 101605, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2020.101605

Primary author

Dr Mihaela Albu (ZFE Graz)


Dr A.M. Villardel (Karlstad University, Department of Engineering and Physics, Karlstad, Sweden) Mr Bernd Panzirsch (Austrian Foundry Research Institute) Mr Hartmuth Schröttner (Institute of Electron Microscopy, TU Graz) I. Yadroitsava (Central University of Technology) I. Yadroitsev (Central University of Technology) Prof. Pavel Krakhmalev (Karlstad University) Mr Robert Krisper (Graz Centre for Electron Microscopy) Dr Stefan Mitsche (Institute of Electron Microscopy, TU Graz)

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